25 March 2012

Police Force of India

Since medieval age, Indian kingdoms had been forming their own local system to protect law and order. The arrival of Britishers in 17th century introduced the Police system, and over the course of time, established the Imperial Police in the country. 1 year after independence, the Imperial Police was replaced by Indian Police Service. The police departments of each state currently in India, have unique history of its own. The following is about the history of police force of each state, and some of its unique features.

JAMMU AND KASHMIR POLICE


Established in 1873, with the police officers known as Kotwals, the police force headed by 14 Thanedars was placed to protect Srinagar city. The first Inspector General, Mr. Broadway, was appointed in 1913, under the Imperial Police service. The strength of J&K police force increased from 1040 in 1889 to 3179 in 1943, and finally to a figure more than 83000 at present. The J&K police department is divided into following sections:

Armed Police
Traffic Police
Railway Police
Crime Branch
Technical Wing
Security Wing
CID Wing
Civil Defence, Home Guard and State Disaster Response Force

The J&K police training institutes are established at Vijaypur, Kathua, Talwara, Manigam, Sheeri and Lethpura.

PUNJAB POLICE


Punjab Police was established in 1861, 12 years after British annexed Punjab into British India. In 1898, reorganization of Punjab Police took place. In 1891, the first Police Training School was established in Phillaur (in Punjab). The Punjab Police is divided into 4 zones:

Border Zone
Patiala Zone
Jalandhar Zone
Bathinda Zone

The Commissionerates of Punjab Police are located at Amritsar, Jalandhar and Ludhiana. In addition to this, Armed Battalions of Punjab Armed Police, Punjab Commando Police and India Reserve Battalions comes under Punjab Police.

HIMACHAL PRADESH POLICE 


Combining Punjab Hill States and few other former princely states, Himachal Pradesh came into existence in 1948. At that time, it existed as one of the Chief Commissioner's Provinces of India, and Himachal Pradesh Police was formed. These districts had their regular police forces. In 1956, the Union Territory of Himachal Pradesh was formed. In 1971, statehood was given and police headquarters were made (in 1974) at Dharamshala, Shimla (already existing before 1971) and Mandi (in 1986). The HP Police department is divided into following zones:

Northern Range (HQ at Dharamshala)
Southern Range (HQ at Shimla)
Central Range (HQ at Mandi)

HARYANA POLICE


After the creation of Haryana in 1966, along with 1 police range and a strength of 12165 personnels, the Haryana Police has increased to a number of 352 Gazetted Officers, 779 Inspectors, 1836 Sub Inspectors, 4581 Additional Sub Inspectors, 9215 Head Constables and 39984 Constables. The Police Commisionerates are located at Ambala, Gurgaon and Faridabad. The Haryana Police is divided into following departments:

CID
State Crime Branch
Telecommunication
Railways and Technical Services
State Crime Record Bureau
Haryana Armed Police
Traffic and Highways

The Haryana Police is divided into following ranges:

Karnal Range
Hisar Range
Rohtak Range
South Range

DELHI POLICE


Delhi Police was started long back in 13th century. The first policemen, known as Kotwal, existed in 13th century, and the first police station was established at Mehrauli (Qila Rai Pithora). Till the arrival of Britishers, Kotwali system was the only police force in Delhi. After the failure of 1857 Indian Independence Mutiny, Delhi was annexed into Punjab province, and the police force of Delhi came under Punjab Police. There were police stations at Kotwali, Subzi Mandi and Paharganj. Civil Lines had police barracks. In 1946, reorganization of police force took place by the Britishers. In 1948, Delhi Police came into its full fledged form. The units of Delhi Police are:

Traffic Police
Licensing Branch
Recruitment Cell
Senior Citizen Cell
Mounted Police
Delhi Police Juvenile Justice Unit

UTTARAKHAND POLICE


Uttarakhand Police department was established in the year 2000, when the state was carved out from Uttar Pradesh. The police department is divided into following parts:

Technical Services
Law and Order
Administration
Fire Service
Police Telecom
Provisioning and Modernization
Special Task Force
State Crime Record Bureau
Forensic Science Laboratory
Anti Terrorist Squad

UTTAR PRADESH POLICE


Uttar Pradesh Police was formed in 1861. It is the largest police force in the world working under single command. Headquartered at Allahabad, the police department is divided into 8 organizations:


Provincial Police
Government Railway Police
Municipal Police
Cantonment Police
Town Police
Rural and Road Police
Canal Police
Barkandaj Police

The various units under these organizations are:

Training Directorate
Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
Special Inquiry Cell
Anti Corruption Organization (ACO)
Human Rights Cell
Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS)
Intelligence Department
Economic Offences Wing (EOW)
Technical Services
Government Railway Police (GRP)
Police TelecomSpecial Task Force (STF)
Uttar Pradesh Fire 
Service Traffic Directorate
Inter-State Border Force (UPPISBF)
Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC)
Special investigation team (SIT)

The ranges of UP Police are divided into:

Agra Range
Allahabad Range
Aligarh Range
Azamgarh Range
Bareilly Range
Basti Range
Chitrakoot Dham Range
Devipatan (Gonda) Range
Faizabad Range
Gorakhpur Range
Jhansi Range
Kanpur Range
Lucknow Range
Mirzapur Range
Moradabad Range
Varanasi Range
Meerut Range
Saharanpur Range

BIHAR POLICE


With the creation of Bihar as a separate state in 1912, the Bihar Police came into existence. Before its creation, the Saran district of former Bengal Presidency had 10 police stations in 1877 and Gopalganj had 2 police stations. In 1935, Bihar Police Force was established. The Police Welfare fund, Police Hospitals and Police Information Room were set up in 1952. The Bihar Policemen's Association, started in 1967, was the first of its kind to look after the interests of policemen. Shri AK Sinha was the first person in India to become an IGP (Inspector General of Police) of any state. Another great product from the Bihar Police was Khan Bahadur Azizul Haque, who developed the fingerprint classification system in the police department. 

JHARKHAND POLICE


Jharkhand Police department was established in 2000 after the creation of the state from Bihar. It is among the top Indian states, in terms of recruitment. The branches of Jharkhand Police are:

CID
Police Training College
State Forensic Science Laboratory
Special Task Force (Jaguar)
Jharkhand Armed Police

Jharkhand Police also deals with the naxalite operations in the state. 

ORISSA POLICE


Odisha or Orissa Police was formed in 1936, with the creation of Orissa state from Bihar & Orissa Province, one of the British Indian provinces. The Orissa Police ranges are:

Central Range 
Eastern Range 
Southern Range 
South Western Range
Northern Range
North Central Range
Western Range

The two Commissionerates of Orissa Police are at Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar.

WEST BENGAL POLICE


The West Bengal Police was formed in 1861. This has jurisdiction in all the districts of the state, except Kolkata, where a separate police force, Kolkata Police, is being run. The different zones of West Bengal Police are:

Government Railway Zone
South Bengal Zone
Western Bengal Zone
North Bengal Zone

The ranges of these zones are:

Presidency Range
Murshidabad Range
Burdwan Range
Jalpaiguri Range
Darjeeling Range
Malda Range
Midnapore Range 

The Commissonerates of West Bengal are at Howrah, Bidhanagar, Barrackpore and Asansol. Kolkata Police was established in 18th century as Calcutta Police, and in 1788, Calcutta Police had 700 Paiks, 31 thanedars and 34 Naibs. The Detective Department in Calcutta Police was set up in 1868, and a Special Branch was established in 1909. The units of Kolkata Police are:

Headquarters Force
Detective Department
Special Branch
Indian Home Guard

Mounted Police
Enforcement Branch
Traffic Police
Reserve Force
Wireless Branch
Security Control
Armed Force
Special Task Force
Combat Battalion
North Suburban Division
South Suburban Division
South East Suburban Division
Central Division
Port Division
Eastern Suburban Division
Rapid Action Force
Commando Force
Kolkata Armed Police

ASSAM POLICE

Assam was annexed into British India in 1838. By 1839-1840, the Assam province had merely 4 regiments. In the mid of late 18th century and early 19th century, British introduced a force, meant to serve the dual purpose of maintaining law and order and defense purpose in the province. After 1862, British started establishing proper police force in the province having the posts of Darogah and Jamadhar. In 1835, 750 officers of various posts like Inspectors, Head Constables and Constables were appointed to look after new established settlements and tea estates in the province. In 1838, Jorhat Militia was formed to protect border towns from foreign attacks. The Police Act of Assam was introduced in 1862 and 11 police divisions were created. These were Goalpara, Kamrup, Darrang, Nagaon, Sibsagar, Cachar (Silchar), Sylhet and Lakhimpur in present day Assam, Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills in present day Meghalaya and Naga Hills in present day Nagaland. 4 branches were created, namely Civil Police, Frontier Police, Municipal Police and Rural Police. The headquarters of Assam Police was at Shillong, which was shifted to Guwahati in 1972 after the creation of Meghalaya (Shillong was made the capital of Meghalaya). In 1980, the total number of force in Assam Police was 40,290 and it has increased to 60,721 towards the end of the 20th century. The number of branches Assam Police has are:

Bureau of Investigation
Special Branch
Criminal Investigation Department
Assam Police Border Organization
Assam Police Radio Organization
Assam River Police Organization
All Women Police Station
Forensic Science Laboratory

ARUNACHAL PRADESH POLICE

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North East Frontier Agency (NEFA) was started establishing its police headquarters between 1935 and 1955. After the creation of Union Territory of Arunachal Pradesh in 1972, Arunachal Pradesh Police department was established. The Police Training Center is located at Banderdewa (near Itanagar), and it was established in 1973.

SIKKIM POLICE


Sikkim became a British India protectorate in 1861. In 1897, a police force of 1 Head Constable and 5 Constables were posted at Aritar (near Rhenock), and thus Sikkim Police was established under the King of Sikkim. In 1919-1920, Sikkim Police had strength of 1 Sub Inspector, 2 Havaldars, 6 Head Constables and 28 Constables. In 1923, ranges were made to divide and function the police departments. These were:

Eastern Range (HQ at Gangtok)
Western Range (HQ at Damthang)

The strength of police force increased more in 1930 to 2 officers and 66 other men. At present, Sikkim Police has 27 police stations and 45 outposts. The units are:

District Police
Headquarters
Special Branch
Crime Branch
Home Guards
Civil Defense
Computer Department
Fire Department
Communication Department
Training Department
Lines and Checkpost
India Reserve Battalion

MANIPUR POLICE


The existing Lallup System was replaced by State Military Police of Manipur by the British in 1891, thus establishing the Manipur Police. In 1893, Imphal Police Station was established, which administrated all the areas except hilly regions. At that time, the salary of a Constable in police department was Rs. 8 per month. In 1909-1910, the strength of the police force was 212 Chowkidars, 3 Head Constables and 23 Constables. At the same time, Jiribam Police Station was opened near Cachar (Silchar) border. In 1916-1917, the salary of Inspector of Police was 100 Rs per month. In 1907, the Maharaja of Manipur took over the British Imperial Police and the number of men in the police force was increased to 100 Riflemen, 8 Havildar, 2 Jamadar and 1 Subedar. In 1943, the Imphal Police Station was vacated by the army, due to Japanese attacks in Manipur and Imphal areas of British Assam. The branches of Manipur Police are:

Civil Police
Armed Police
CID
Traffic Police
Narcotics and Affairs of Border
DG Control Room
Manipur Police Wireless
Manipur Training School
Forensic Science Laboratory
Central Motor Transport Workshop
Home Guard

NAGALAND POLICE


The first battalion of Nagaland Police was established in 1964, when it became a state in 1963. The headquarter was setup at Chumukedima. The first police station was setup at Kohima in 1933, which was the headquarter of Naga Hill District of former undivided British Assam. It helped the forces to fight in second World War. After the creation of the state, police stations were extended to other places like Dimapur, Mokokchung, Wokha etc. In 1966, the first training school, Nagaland Police Training School was established. Soon after the statehood, Nagaland Intelligence Branch was setup. 

TRIPURA POLICE


Police system in Tripura existed since 16th century. When the Britishers came and annexed Assam into British India, written law and order was started in the princely state. Between 1862-1896, lot of reforms were carried out in the state. The Raja of Independent Hill Tipperah consisted of 200 men in Civil Police. Each Thana in district had 1 officer and 5 men. The policemen on the hilly areas were known as Bininidias or Tipperah Burkandazes. In 1907, the Raja of the state reorganized the whole police system again. Two years after India's independence in 1947, the Raja rule ended, and the Union Territory of Tripura was established. At that time, the state had only 1 district, and 1 Magistrate, 1 Collector and 1 Superintendent of Police. In 1970, the territory was divided into 3 parts, with headquarters at Agartala. The various units of Tripura Police are:

CID
Security
Procurement
Traffic
Enforcement Branch
Mobile Task Force
Special Armed Force
Communication
Railway Police
Home Guards
Border Wing Battalion
Central training Institute

MIZORAM POLICE


The first Battalion Mizoram Armed Police was established in 1973, with headquarter at Aizawl. After its statehood in 1987, district police stations were setup at Aizawl, Kolasib, Serchhip, Champhai, Mamit, Lunglei, Lawngtlai and Saiha. Other police units of Mizoram Police are:

Mizoram Police Radio Organization
CID Crime
CID Special Branch
Security
Traffic Police
Fire and Emergency Service
Forensic Science Laboratory

MEGHALAYA POLICE


The separate Meghalaya Police force came into existence in 1972, after the creation of Meghalaya state. The Meghalaya Police works in following zones:

East Khasi Hills
West Khasi Hills
Jaintia Hills
Ri Bhoi
West Garo Hills
East Garo Hills
South Garo Hills

Meghalaya Police headquarter is located at Shillong, which was the earlier headquarter of the police force of undivided Assam. 

CHHATTISGARH POLICE


Chhattisgarh Police was formed when Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh state in 2000. The police division is divided into the following ranges:

Raipur (HQ at Raipur)
Bilaspur (HQ at Bilaspur)
Surguja (HQ at Surguja)
Bastar (HQ at Jagdalpur)

Along with other departments, Chhattisgarh also fights against the Naxalite attacks the villages of the state faces.

MADHYA PRADESH POLICE


Madhya Pradesh as a state, was formed by merging Vindhya Pradesh and Madhya Bharat in 1956. At that time, the MP Police had 252 Gazetted Officers, 39,785 Non-Gazetted Officers and 739 police stations. To solve the problems and issues of tribal people of Madhya Pradesh, MP Police created a separate Anusuchit Jati Janjati Kalyan Wing in 1973. The headquarter of MP Police is in Bhopal. The MP Police Training Institute was established in 1982 at Indore. The MP Police is divided into following ranges:

Bhopal Range (HQ at Bhopal)
Hoshangabad Range (HQ at Hoshangabad)
Gwalior Range (HQ at Gwalior)
Chambal Range (HQ at Gwalior)
Indore Range (HQ at Indore)
Ujjain Range (HQ at Ujjain)
Jabalpur Range (HQ at Jabalpur)
Sagar Range (HQ at Sagar)
Rewa Range (HQ at Rewa)
Balaghat Range (HQ at Balaghat)

RAJASTHAN POLICE


Rajasthan came into a state after merging all the princely states of former Rajputana Agency in 1949. Rajasthan Police Service was formed in 1951. The various wings / units of Rajasthan Police are:

Establishment Branch
Crime Branch
Law & Order Branch
Vigilance Branch
Planning & Welfare Branch
Rajasthan Armed Constabulary
State Special Branch
Training Directorate
Police Telecommunication 

The various ranges of Rajasthan Police are:

Bikaner Range I
Bikaner Range II 
Jaipur Range
Kota Range
Ajmer Range
Jodhpur Range
Bharatpur Range
Udaipur Range

GUJARAT POLICE


Gujarat state was separated out from the Bombay State, in 1960, leaving the other part as Maharashtra. The Commissionerate of Gujarat Police are at Vadodara, Rajkot, Ahmedabad and Surat. Gujarat Police is divided into following ranges:

Ahmedabad Range
Gandhinagar Range
Vadodara Range
Surat Range
Rajkot Range
Junagarh Range
Border Range

MAHARASHTRA POLICE


Maharashtra was carved out from Bombay State in 1960. Since then, Maharashtra Police has come into picture. It has Commissionerates at Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Nashik, Amaravati, Solapur, Thane, Aurangabad and Mumbai Railway Commissionerate. Maharashtra Police is one of the largest police forces in the country. The special units of Maharashtra Police are:

State Intelligence Department (SID)
Maharashtra State CID
Anti Terrorism Squad (ATS)
Highway Traffic Police
State Reserve Police Force (SRPF)
Training Directorate
Protection of Civil Rights Cell
Motor Transport Unit
State Police Wireless
Anti Corruption Bureau

Maharashtra Police has sub branches like Mumbai Police, Nagpur Police, Pune Police, which takes care of the police force of the respective cities. Police system in Bombay was established in 16th century by the Portuguese. In 1669, probably the first police force, named as Bhandari Militia was established, which consisted of 500 men. The post of Superintendent of Police was established in 1793. In 1864, the first Commissioner of Police was appointed. Mumbai Police is divided into following units:

Crime Branch
Cyber Cell

Detection Unit
Anti Terrorist Squad
Law & Order
Traffic Police
Administration
Social Service Cell
Narcotics Cell
Wireless Cell
Local Armed Police
Anti Robbery Squad
Anti Extortion Cell
Modus Operandi Bureau
Missing Person Bureau
Special Branch
Protection & Security
Riot Control Police
Economic Offence Wing
Juvenile AID Protection Unit
Quick Response Team
Force One

KARNATAKA POLICE


Thoti, Talwar, Umbalidhar, Kattubidi, Neeraganti, Kavalugararu, Amaragararu, Ankamaale, Patela, Shyanubhoga etc. were the names by which police officers were called in Karnataka. The first police system was introduced in the princely state of Mysore in 19th century. In 1817, Shyanubhoga were given the authority of police department. In 1873, Inspector, Second Class Inspector, Jamadhar, Daphedar and Constables were created. Reformation of police system took place in 1883. In 1892, Training School was established at Bangalore. In 1930s, to control the increase of traffic, Mysore and Bangalore divisions were created. Police stations in Bangalore were established at Upparpet, Ulsoor Gate and Kalasipalyam. The other areas of present day Karnataka, were divided into Bombay Presidency, princely state of Hyderabad and Madras Presidency. After the unification of Karnataka, a full fledged Karnataka State Police was established in 1965. The Karnataka State Police is divided into following ranges:

Southern Range (HQ at Mysore)
Western Range (HQ at Mangalore)
Eastern Range (HQ at Davangere)
Central Range (HQ at Bangelore)
Northern Range (HQ at Belgaum)
North Eastern Range (HQ at Gulbarga)

The different wings of Karnataka State Police are:

Law & Order
Intelligence Wing
Crime & Technical Services Wing
Special Police Units
CID
Karnataka State Reserve Police
Communication, Logistic and Modernisation Wing

The police has training institutions at Mysore, Channapatna (at Bangalore-Mysore Highway), Bangalore, Munirabad (in Koppal), Khanapur (in Belgaum) and Gulbarga. 

GOA POLICE


Goa Police was established in 1966, 5 years after when Portuguese left India. Earlier to it, the police force existing in the state was Policia do Estado da India. The units of Goa Police are:

CID
Special Branch
Foreigner's Branch
Immigration Branch
Crime Branch
Research Unit
Dog Squad
Anti Corruption Bureau
Anti Narcotics Cell
Security Unit
Motor Transport Section
Goa Reserve Police
Escort Cell
Traffic Cell
Education Cell
Women Police Station
Home Guard & Civil Defense
Welfare Cell
Police Consumers Co-operative Society
Tourist Police
Communication and Wireless Section
Police Training Center (at Valpoi in North Goa)

D&NH AND DAMAN & DIU POLICE

The headquarter of Dadra & Nagar Haveli is at Silvassa. The Inspector General of Police is the overall in-charge of both the Union Territories. But the police departments of both the Union Territories are different. The headquarter of Daman & Diu is located at Daman. 

ANDHRA PRADESH POLICE


Andhra Pradesh was divided among the Madras Presidency and princely state of Hyderabad. During the Vijayanagara Empire (1336-1646), the police system was known as Hindoo Police. Madras Police had its jurisdiction to the present day Andhra areas. In 1953, after the separation of Andhra State Police from Madras Police, and in 1956, after the creation of Andhra Pradesh as a separate state, the Andhra Pradesh State Police came into existence. The Commissionerates of Andhra Pradesh State Police are at Hyderabad, Vijaywada and Vishakhapatnam. The departments of AP Police are:

AP Police Academy
AP Police Housing Cooperation
AP Special Police
CID
Fingerprints Bureau
Greyhounds
Home Guard
Intelligence Department
Police Communications
Police Computer Service
Police Training Organisation
Prosecution Department
Railway Police

Police Training Colleges are located at Anantapur, Warangal, Ongole, Tirupathi and Vijayanagram. 

KERALA POLICE


Before independence, Kerala consisted of princely states of Cochin and Travancore, both under indirect administration of Madras Presidency. Till 1881, the police officers in Kerala were known as Travancore's Royal Nair Brigade. In 1881, according to the Madras Police Act, the police department was known as Royal Travancore Police. In 1883, the police department of Cochin state was formed as Cochin State Royal Police. The Malabar region of Madras Presidency, had its own police department, known as Malabar Police. It was divided into two parts, Malabar Special Police 1 and Malabar Special Police 2. In 1939, there were 2337 Police Constables, 236 Head Constables, 81 Inspectors, 6 Assistant Superintendent of Police, 3 District Superintendent of Police, 1 Deputy Inspector and 1 Inspector General of Police. In 1956, Malabar, Cochin and Travancore merged to form the state of Kerala, and thus, Kerala Police was formed. The range of Kerala Police are:


Kannur Range
Thrissur Range
Ernakulam (Central) Range
Trivandrum (Travancore) Range

The Commissionerates of Kerala Police are at Thiruvananthapuram (formerly Trivandrum or Travancore), Kochi, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Kollam. Each city has its own police force. The branches of Kerala Police are:

General Executive Branch
Crime Branch-Criminal Investigation Department 
Intelligence and Homeland Security
State Crime Records Bureau
Hi-Tech Crime Enquiry Cell
Armed Battalions and Riot Force
Forensic Science Laboratory
Watch and Ward
Kerala Highway Police
Marine and Coastal Police
Tourist Police
Non-Keralite Assist Cell
Mounted Police

TAMIL NADU POLICE


The 5th largest police force in India, Tamil Nadu Police came into existence in 1659, when the Pedda Naik were formed by the British to guard the town of Madraspatanam. In 1771, Kotwals were appointed by the Britishers. Superintendent of Police was created in 1780. Between 1829-1832, Madras was divided into 4 zones, Black Town District, Triplicane District, Vepery District and St. Thomas District. In 1859, the modern Madras Police came into being. It was later known as Madras Presidency Police. After independence, dogs were used first in Madras Police, to form Madras Dog Squad, in 1951. The headquarter of Madras State Police was shifted to Thiruchirapalli in 1957. In 1969, Madras State was renamed as Tamil Nadu, and so, Tamil Nadu State Police came into place. The Commissionerates of Tamil Nadu Police are located at Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, Thiruchirapalli, Salem, Erode, Tirunelveli and Vellore. The units of Tamil Nadu Police are:

Tamil Nadu Special Police
Civil Defense and Home Guard
Civil Supplies, CID
Coastal Security Group
Crime Branch
Economic Offences Wing
Tamil Nadu Commando Force
Prohibition Enforcement Wing
Railway Police
Social Justice and Human Rights
Technical Services

PUDUCHERRY POLICE


Established in 1963, the Puducherry Police controls the Union Territories of Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe.The Puducherry Police has 4 regions of the same name as above. The various units of Puducherry Police are:

Establishment
Special Branch
CID
Police Vigilance Unit
Police Training Unit
Sigma Security Forces
Police Wireless
Motor Transport Unit
Home Guard Units
Central Control Room
Chief Store
Puducherry Police Welfare Society
Police Co-operative Housing Society

LAKSHADWEEEP POLICE

Established in 1958, Lakshadweep Police had its first police station at Minicoy island, having strength of 1 Sub-Inspector, 2 Head Constables and 5 Constables. The islands were part of the Madras State before 1956, and were known as Laccadive, Amindive and Minicoy Islands. The police force governing these islands were as same as the Madras Police before 1956. 

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR POLICE


Sebundy Cops were the first police force in these islands, appointed by the Britishers, in 1858, which were meant to protect the Penal Settlements. In 1867, it had 2 Inspectors, 3 Head Constables, 12 Sergeants and 285 Constables. The first District Superintendent of Andaman & Nicobar was appointed in 1875. Civil Police was separated from Military Police in 1924. The police administration in these islands were disturbed during World War 2, when the Japanese forces occupied these islands. In 1945, British reoccupied these islands with the help of police force of Punjab and United Provinces (Uttar Pradesh). The independent Andaman & Nicobar Police Force came into being in 1953. The A&N Police force administrates among the following divisions:

South Andaman
North Andaman
Nicobar Islands

The branches of A&N Police are:

Armed Police
Special Armed Police
CID
Island Communication
Fire Service
Police Training School
Police Marine Force
Indian Reserve Battalion

RANKS OF INDIAN POLICE SERVICE

The ranks of Indian police officers are listed below (highest-lowest)

Director of Intelligence Bureau (DIB)
Commissioner of Police / Director General of Police (CP / DGP)
Joint Commissioner of Police / Inspector General of Police (JCP / IGP)
Additional Commissioner of Police / Deputy Inspector General of Police (ADL.SP / DIG)
Deputy Commissioner of Police / Senior Superintendent of Police (DCP / SSP)
Superintendent of Police (SP)
Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police / Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP)
Assistant Commissioner of Police / Deputy Superintendent of Police (ASP / DSP)
Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASST.SP) 


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